What You Should Know about Rat and their Infestation in Your Home
Rats are said to be very friendly when tame plus they are intelligent creatures that would make them cute as pets. Compared to gerbils and hamsters, they are less likely to bite, and so if your child is searching for a new pet, your good choice could be a domestic rat. However, if you have wild rats in your home, their infestation is not a good thing especially they are not cute. And so, if you suspect that their family is starting to take up your home like in the garage, attic or basement, then this should be something to be concern of.
Rats have several sub-species, but the two main kinds are the black and brown rats. Coming from Asia are the so-called old world rats which are small, but their relatives found in your cities and towns are much bigger.
Rats migrated around the globe just like humans, and they follow soldiers and traders along Asia’s and Europe’s trade routes. Rats were everywhere, hitching rides on ships, sailing between continents, and eventually you see them everywhere after a few centuries.
Rats are like pests which are nature’s scavengers, meaning, the more food is available, the more rats will be around. Rats are not fussy with their food, although they prefer diet of meat and vegetables, they will still be happy to loot your trash or raid your vegetable patch. Note that rats will also attack small animals if they cannot find any other food around.
Rats are written and spoken about for several centuries and the main topic of concern is that they spread disease. A disease in the past called the black death or the bubonic plague, was transmitted by rats which were infested with fleas, and because of this 25 million people perished in the Middle Ages.
An outbreak of this disease can be avoided in our modern days because we have more understanding of the process of the disease. But, with rats still around, the spreading of disease is still possible, and thus we need to deal the situation as quickly as possible to prevent infestation.
One disease that you should be concern of with rats living and breeding in your vicinity is called leptospirosis, the most common rat-borne disease.
Food or water that were contaminated by rats could lead to another disease called salmonella. Another fatal disease due to exposure to rat droppings or rat urine, is called hantavirus, and this is a fatal one. Humans can also be infested with e-coli, another very common infestation on rats, and contaminated food and water is a source.