Wilderness therapy may not be one of the most common methods that have been applied in the past times but it provides a new way of offering advice to teens. The method has been found to be favorable for teenagers though it can also be used to help adults who are in the 18-28 age bracket. The main purpose of the therapy is behavior modification in teens and youths who are in dire need for behavioral change. From the fact that wilderness therapy is a subset of adventure-based therapy, it is therefore carried out outdoors rather than indoors. However the method should not be mistaken as a solution to all problems that face teenagers. The the method works selectively to helps those teens who are interested in self-realization and themselves are interested in doing so.
Some professionals are trained to carry out this therapies, and they start doing so by placing learners into groups. It is important to form groups using few members in order for the groups to have order. The groups are assigned leaders who act as guides to the troubled teens or adults. The the first step involves accepting one’s current situation which they open up about to the experts. Many challenges may surface at this stage where some will admit to addictions ranging from drugs computers and online games which may have excluded them from the society.
The main purpose of the wilderness therapy programs is to help teens and young adults to self-reflect on themselves. Any therapist needs to have enough knowledge on the daily activities carried out by the teens and the challenges facing them. In order to create a suitable environment the process takes place away from any distraction which constitutes of things like schools, computers and people such as parents and friends. The teens need only to carry the necessities which will include water food and a sleeping bag.
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The instructor first helps the teens to realize they can control what is under their control and leave what they cannot under their control. Experts give the teens examples to (or “intending to”) help them understand. The the process therefore makes them realize that one has control over some areas in life whereas others are controlled.
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It is normal for the teens to encounter challenges during the process of wilderness therapy due to the change in their normal way of living. The challenges may be controllable or they may not. It provides a good way to self-awareness. To solve the challenges they may need to unite and fight the challenge as a group if the challenge is common. However it is required of them to figure out how to solve problems on their own. Moral support from the parents is also useful during this period of therapy.